Care Tips for Fishes and Aquarium
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- Freshwater species: Angelfish, Catfish, Glass Catfish, Goldfish, Kissing Gourami, Neon Tetra, Rainbowfish, and many more.
- Saltwater species:
- Flake and pellet foods:
Most common food source in the market. Specifically designed for community fish, saltwater fish, herbivores, carnivores and so on. It can be a good source of diet for most fishes. Once exposed to air, nutritional value of flakes and pellets declines. Common practices: Discard flakes and pellet foods within three months after opening the can.
- Freeze-dried foods:
Contains valuable fiber, as well as a balance nutrients, can be used as staple fish food item or as supplements to flakes/pellets diet. Most fish seem to find them highly palatable. The process of freeze-drying kills most pathogens, however, mishandling of freeze-dried food may causes introduction of bacteria, viruses and food into
- Frozen foods
Many frozen foods range from zooplankton to whole fish and does contains higher amount of fiber than freeze-dried food. It is rather cheaper than live foods and readily accepted by aquarium fishes. Some pros include irradiation of fish food by manufacturers to ensure frozen foods come without pathogens that may disturb the freshwater system.
- Feeder fish
May be controversial as a result of bigger fishes eating smaller fish. Usually it is used in wild carnivores and it is the easiest and simplest way to get them to eat in captivity. Cheap feeder fish are reared in squalid conditions and likely to carry disease and parasites and is not highly recommended to maintain a good quality aquarium. Minnows and goldfish are the common feeder fish, however, frozen and alternative live foods are recommended.
- Live food
Live foods are recognized as prey even by newly imported wild-caught fish. Some fishes, such as piscivorous fish will usually eat earthworms, river shrimps and large insects, and insect larvae. Live food are usually expensive and inconvenient (depending on the area you are living). Sometimes, fish owners also uses brine shrimps, as it is often promoted being very safe compared with other live food. Instead, many fish owners preferred frozen fish food, as live food may also introduces pests and diseases into your aquarium system. Some of the notorious disease-spreading live foods are snails, hydra, dragonfly larvae, tubifex worms and many more.
- Algae and green foods
Recommended food for herbivorous fish. Some of the examples include Sushi Nori (Japanese seaweed-based food). It can be broken up to feed small fish or attached to submersible “lettuce clips” to feed larger fishes. Iceberg lettuces, blanched curly lettuce, zucchini, tinned peas, carrots, sweet potatos and cucumbers may sometimes be used for alternatives as food for these herbivores.
Aquarium Setups and Care
- One thing to bear in mind – It is very easy to add fish into the tank but it is hard to take fish out from the tank. This will help you on deciding the number of fishes to keep.
- The key to always to maintain a good aquarium: Less fish, less waste. Your water quality will improve if you have 14 fishes rather than 18 fishes (understanding the nitrogen cycle).
- Suggested Tank/Fish ratio: Do not underestimate this simple mathematics. Many beginners started a new aquarium with way too much fishes and the tank becomes very toxics and your fish are all in trouble due to high nitrate problems. The suggested ratio for any sized tank or fish is:
Length of tank * Width = Water surface area / 40cm (Standard)
For example: 90(cm) * 35(cm) = 3150(cm2) / 40 = 79/5(cm) = 15 fishes
- Talk to people in pet store or do research on the internet about fish. Some good websites are www.fishlore.com, www.aquahobby.com, www.seriouslyfish.com, www.fishprofiles.com and ww.badmanstropicalfish.com.